– American English Pronunciation –

– ( Letter F:  Fm, Fn, Fo ) –


An alphabetical pronunciation guide of The Common Tongue – a.k.a. – American English Pronunciation, containing the phonetic spellings of a vast selection of common and not-so-common words in the English language, with more added daily. The pronunciations are not Universal as there are many different dialects of the English language, both world-wide and throughout America.  The pronunciations that are presented here are based upon a combination of both common usage and the most neutral accent used in The International Common Tongue.

Ff

 

Fa – Fc . Fd – Ff . Fg – Fi . Fj – Fl . Fn . Fo . Fp – Fr . Fs – Fu . Fv – Fz

 

Fn

 

Fo

Focus
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “c” is hard, and the “u” turns into an i-schwa

– /FOH-kihs//ˈfo.kə(ɪ)s/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Focused
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “c” is hard, the “u” turns into an i-schwa, and because the root-word ends with the letter “s” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending is silent, and the final “d” pronounced like the letter “t” but is (often) stopped

– /FOH-kihs-[t]//ˈfo.kə(ʌ)s.[t]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “t” ending (when not stopped) acts as a third syllable

Focusing
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “c” is hard, the “u” turns into an i-schwa, and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOH-kih-sing//ˈfo.kə(ɪ).sɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Foe
– For this word, the “oe” combination is pronounced simply like the single long letter “o”

/foh//fo/

Fog
 – For this word, the “o” is pronounced like the “aw” combination, and the “g” is hard

– /faw-g//fɔ.g/ – Notice also that the “g” ending acts as a second syllable

Foggy
 – For this word, the “o” is pronounced like the “aw” combination, and the “gg” combination is pronounced simply like the single hard letter “g”, and the final “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e”

– /FAW-gee//ˈfɔ.giː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Fold
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and the final “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped

/fohl-[d]//fol.[ɾ]/ – Notice also that the “d” ending (when not stopped) acts as a second syllable

Folding
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the final “d” is a flap-d, and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the
standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHL-ding//ˈfol.ɾɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Foliage
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “i” is pronounced like the long letter “e” but the is spoken so quickly that it almost sounds like the consonant letter “y”, and for the “-age” suffix – the “a” turns into an i-schwa, the “g” is soft, and the “e” is silent (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOH-lee-ihdʒ/ – /ˈfo.liː.ə(ɪ)dʒ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Folk
 – For this word, for this word, the “o” is long, and the “l” is almost silent

/foh[l]k//fo[l]k/ –

Follow
 – For this word, the first “o” is short, the “ll” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “l” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), the second “o” is long, and the “w” is silent

– /FAH-loh//ˈfɑ.lo/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Following
 – For this word, the first “o” is short, the “ll” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “l” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), the second “o” turns into a true-schwa, and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

– /FAH-lə-wing//ˈfɑ.lə.wɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Food
 – For this word, the “oo” combination is pronounced like the long letter “u” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and the final “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped

/foo[d]//fu[ɾ]/

Foot
 – For this word, the “oo” combination is pronounced as a true-schwa / Short “I” Diphthong (like in the word “book” or “put”), and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/fəih[t]//fəɪ[t]/

Football
 – For this word, the “oo” combination is pronounced as a true-schwa / Short “I” Diphthong (like in the word “book” or “put”), the “t” is (usually) stopped, the “a” is pronounced like the “aw” combination, and the final “ll” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “l” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue)

/FəIH[T]-bawl//ˈfəɪ[t].bɔl/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

For
 – For this word, the “o” is long

/fohr//for/

Forbes
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “b” is almost stopped, the “e” is silent, and the “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

– /fohr-bz/ – /foɹ.bz/ – Notice also that the “bz” ending acts as a second syllable

Force
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “c” is soft, and the final “e” is silent

/fohr-s//foɹ.s/ – Notice also that the “s” ending acts as a second syllable

Forced
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “c” is soft, and since the root-word ends with the sound of the letter “s” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending is silent, and the final “d” is pronounced like the letter “t” but is (often) stopped

– /fohr-s[t]//foɹ.s[t]/ – Notice also that the “st” ending ( even when the “t” is stopped) acts as a second syllable –

Forecast (fore-Cast)
– For this word, the “o” is long, the “e” is silent, the “c” is hard, the “a” is short, and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/FOHR-kæs[t]//ˈfoɹ.kæs[t]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Foreclosure (fore-Closure)
– For this word, the first “o” is long, the “e” is silent, the “c” is hard, the second “o” is long, and for the “-sure” suffix – the “s” is pronounced like voiced “sh” combination, the “u” disappears, and the final “e” is silent (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/fohr-KLOH-zh’r/ – /foɹ.ˈklo.ʒɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable –

Foreign
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “ei” combination turns into an i-schwa, and the “g” is silent

/FOHR-ihn//ˈfoɹ.ə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Foreigners
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “ei” combination turns into an i-schwa, the “g” is silent, for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue), and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/FOHR-ihn-’rz//ˈfoɹ.ə(ɪ).nɚz/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Foreshadowing (fore-Shadow-ing)
– For this word, the first “o” is long, the “e” is silent, the “a” is short, the “d” is a flap-d, the second “o” is long, and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-shæ-doh-wing//ˈfoɹ.ʃæ.ɾo.wɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Forest
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “e” turns into an i-schwa, and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/FOHR-ih-s[t]//ˈfoɹ.ə(ɪ).s[t]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “st” ending (when the “t” is not stopped) acts as a third syllable –

Forever (for-Ever)
– For this word, the “o” disappears, the first “e” is short, and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/f’r-EH-v’r//fɚ.ˈɛ.vɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable

Forget
 – For this word, the “o” disappears, the “g” is hard, the “e” turns into an i-schwa, and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/f’r-GIH[T]/ – /fɚ.ˈgə(ɪ)[t]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable

Forgive
 – For this word, the “o” disappears, the “g” is hard, and for the “-ive” suffix – the “i” is an i-schwa, and the final “e” is silent (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/f’r-GIHV//fɚ.ˈgɪv/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable

Fork
 – For this word, the “o” is long

/fohr-k//foɹ.k/ – Notice also that the “k” ending acts as a second syllable

Form
 – For this word, the “o” is long

/fohr-m//foɹ.m/ – Notice also that the “m” ending acts as a second syllable

Formal
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and for the “-al” suffix – the “a” turns into a true-schwa (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-məl//ˈfoɹ.məl/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Formation
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “a” is a Long “A” / Long “E” Diphthong, and for the “-tion” combination – the “ti” combination is pronounced like the un-voiced “sh” combination, and the “o” turns into an i-schwa (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/fohr-MAY-shihn//foɹ.ˈmeiː.ʃə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Formed
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and since the root-word ends with the letter “m” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending is silent

/fohrm-d/ – /foɹm.d/ – Notice also that the “d” ending acts as a second syllable –

Former
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-m’r//ˈfoɹ.mɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Formerly
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue), and for the “-ly” suffix – the final “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-m’r-lee//ˈfoɹ.mɚ.liː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Formula
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “u” is pronounced like the pronoun “you”, and the final “a” turns into a u-schwa

/FOHR-myoo-luh//ˈfoɹ.mju,lə(ʌ)/ –Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Fort
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/fohr[t]//foɹ[t]/ – 

Fortunate
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is pronounced like the “ch” combination (this is due to the placement of the letter “u” directly after it), the “u” turns into a true-schwa, and for the “-ate” suffix – the “a” turns into an i-schwa, the “t” is (often) stopped, and the final “e” is silent (this is one of two standard pronunciations of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-chə-nih[t]/ – /ˈfoɹ.tʃə.nə(ɪ)[t]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Fortunately
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is pronounced like the “ch” combination (this is due to the placement of the letter “u” directly after it), the “u” turns into an i-schwa, for the “-ate” suffix – the “a” turns into an i-schwa, the “t” is (often) stopped, the “e” is silent (this is one of two standard pronunciations of this suffix in The Common Tongue), and for the “-ly” suffix – the final “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue)

– /FOHR-chihn-ih[t]-lee/ – /ˈfoɹ.tʃə(ɪ)n.ə(ɪ)[t].liː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Fortune
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is pronounced like the “ch” combination (this is due to the placement of the letter “u” directly after it), the “u” turns into a i-schwa, and the final “e” is silent

/FOHR-chihn//ˈfoɹ.tʃə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Fortunes
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is pronounced like the “ch” combination (this is due to the placement of the letter “u” directly after it), the “u” turns into a i-schwa, the “e” is silent, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/FOHR-chihnz//ˈfoɹ.tʃə(ɪ)nz/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Forty
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is a flap-t, and the final “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e”

/FOHR-dee//ˈfoɹ.ɾiː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Forty-Five
 – For this word, the “o” is long, the “t” is a flap-t, the “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e”, the “i” is long, and the final “e” is silent

/fohr-dee-FAIV//foɹ.ɾiː.ˈfaiːv/ – Notice also that the stress is on the third syllable –

Forward
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and for the “-ward” suffix, the “a” disappears, and the final “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/FOHR-w’r[d]/ – /ˈfoɹ.wɚ[ɾ]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Forwarded
 – For this word, the “o” is long, and for the “-ward” suffix, the “a” disappears, and the first “d” is a flap-d, and since the root-word ends with the letter “d” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending turns into an i-schwa, and the final “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped

/FOHR-w’r-dih[d]/ – /ˈfoɹ.wɚ.ɾə(ɪ)[ɾ]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Found
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced like the “ow” combination, and the final “d” is (often) stopped

/fown[d]//faun[d]/ – 

Foundation
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced like the “ow” combination, the “a” is long, and for the “-tion” suffix – the “ti” combination is pronounced like the un-voiced “sh” combination, and the “o” turns into an i-schwa (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/fown-DAY-shihn//fɑun.ˈdeiː.ʃə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable

Fountain
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced like the “ow” combination, the “t” is (often) stopped, and the “ai” combination is pronounced like the i-schwa

/FOWN-[t]-ihn//ˈfɑun.[t].ə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

Four
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced simply like the single long letter “o”

/fohr//foɹ/

Fourteen
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced simply like the single long letter “o”, there is a guttural stop after in-between the “r” and the “t”, and for the “teen” suffix – the “ee” combination is pronounced simply like the single long letter “e” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue) & (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/fohr’-TEEN//foɹʔ.ˈtiːn/ – Notice also that the stress is on the second syllable

Fourth
 – For this word, the “ou” combination is pronounced simply like the single long letter “o”, and the final “th” combination is un-voiced

/fohr-th//foɹ.θ/ – Notice also that the “th” ending acts as a second syllable

Fox
 – For this word, the “o” is short, and the “x” is pronounced like the “ks” combination

/fah-ks//fɑ.ks/ – Notice also that the “ks” ending acts as a second syllable

Foxes
 – For this word, the “o” is short, the “x” is pronounced like the “ks” combination, the “e” turns into an i-schwa, and the final “s” is pronounced (almost) like the letter “z”

/FAHK-sihz//fɑk.sə(ɪ)z/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable –

Foyer
 – For this word, the “oy” combination is pronounced like in the word “toy” or “boy (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), there is a phantom consonant letter “y” in-between the “y” and the “e” (this is a product of the transition from one sound to the next), and the “er” combination is pronounced like the Long “A” / Long “E” Diphthong

/FOHY-yay//ˈfoiː.yeiː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

 

 

– ( American English Pronunciation – Letter F ) –


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