– American English Pronunciation –

– ( Letter R:  Ru ) –


An alphabetical pronunciation guide of The Common Tongue – a.k.a. – American English Pronunciation, containing the phonetic spellings of a vast selection of common and not-so-common words in the English language, with more added daily.

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The pronunciations are not Universal as there are many different dialects of the English language, both world-wide and throughout America. The pronunciations that are presented here are based upon a combination of both common usage and the most neutral accent used in The International Common Tongue.

Ru

 

Ra . Rea . Reb . Rec . Red . Ref . Reg . Reh . Rej . Rel . Rem . Ren . Rep . Req . Res . Ret . Reu . Rev . Rew . Rh . Ri . Ro . Ry

 

Rub
– For this word, the “u” is short, and the “b” is (often) stopped

/ruh[b]//ɹʌ[b]/

 

Rubber
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “bb” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “b” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/RUH-b’r//ˈɹʌ.bɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rubbish
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “bb” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “b” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and for the “-ish” suffix – the “i” is an i-schwa, and the “sh” combination is un-voiced (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/RUH-bihsh//ˈɹʌ.bə(ɪ)ʃ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Ruble
– For this word, the “u” is long, there is a phantom-schwa in-between the “b” and the “l” (this is a product of the transition from one sound to the next), and the final “e” is silent

/ROO-bəl//ˈru.bəl/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rubles
– For this word, the “u” is long, there is a phantom-schwa in-between the “b” and the “l” (this is a product of the transition from one sound to the next), the “e” is silent, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/ROO-bəl-z//ˈru.bəl.z/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rubrics
– For this word, the “u” is long, the “i” is an i-schwa, and the “c” is hard

/ROO-brih-ks//ˈɹu.bɹə(ɪ).ks/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “ks” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Rubs
– For this word, the “u” is short, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/ruh-bz//ɹʌ.bz/ – Notice also that the “bz” ending acts as a separate syllable

 

Rucksack
– For this word, the “u” is short, the first “ck” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “k” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), the “a” is short, and the second “ck” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “k” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue)

/RUHK-sæk//ˈɹʌk.sæk/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rude
– For this word, the “u” is long, the “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped, and the final “e” is silent

/roo[d]//ɹu[ɾ]/

 

Rudely
– For this word, the “u” is long, the “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped, the “e” is silent, and for the “-ly” suffix – the final “y” is pronounced like the long letter “e” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/ROO[D]-lee//ˈɹʌ[ɾ].liː/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rugged
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “gg” combination is pronounced simply like the single hard letter “g” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and since the root-word ends with the letter “g” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending turns into an i-schwa, and the final “d” is a flap-d but is (often) stopped

/RUH-gih-[d]//ˈɹʌ.gə(ɪ).[ɾ]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “d” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Ruin
– For this word, the “u” is long, and the “i” is an i-schwa

/ROO-ihn//ˈɹu.ə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Ruined
– For this word, the “u” is long, and the “i” is an i-schwa, and since the root-word ends with the letter “n” – the “e” of the “-ed” ending is silent, and the final “d” is (often) stopped

/ROO-ihn-[d]//ˈɹu.ə(ɪ)n.[d]/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “d” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Ruins
– For this word, the “u” is long, the “i” is an i-schwa, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/ROO-ihn-z//ˈɹu.ɪn.z/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “z” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Ruler
– For this word, the “u” is long, and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this
suffix in The Common Tongue)

/ROO-l’r//ˈɹu.lɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Ruling
– For this word, the “u” is long, and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/ROO-ling//ˈɹu.lɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rumor
– For this word, the “u” is long, and the “o” disappears

/ROO-m’r//ˈɹu.mɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rumors
– For this word, the “u” is long, the “o” disappears, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/ROO-m’r-z//ˈɹu.mɚ.z/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “z” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Run
– For this word, the “u” is short

/ruhn//ɹʌn/

 

Runner
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “nn” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “n” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and for the “-er” suffix – the “e” disappears (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/RUH-n’r//ˈɹʌ.nɚ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Running
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “nn” combination is pronounced simply like the single letter “n” (this is the standard pronunciation of this letter combination in The Common Tongue), and the “-ing” suffix is pronounced like in the word “sing” or “ring” (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/RUH-ning//ˈɹʌ.nɪŋ/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Runs
– For this word, the “u” is short, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/ruhn-z//ɹʌn.z/ – Notice also that the “z” ending acts as a separate syllable

 

Rural
– For this word, the “u” turns into a true-schwa, and for the “-al” suffix – the “a” turns into a true-schwa (this is the standard pronunciation of this suffix in The Common Tongue)

/RəR-uhl//ˈɹə.ɹə(ʌ)l/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Rush
– For this word, the “u” is short, and the “sh” combination is un-voiced

/ruh-sh//ɹʌ.ʃ/ – Notice also that the “sh” combination acts as a second syllable

 

Russia
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “ss” combination is pronounced like the un-voiced “sh” combination, the “ia” combination turns into a u-schwa

/RUH-shuh//ˈɹʌ.ʃə(ʌ)/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Russian
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “ss” combination is pronounced like the un-voiced “sh” combination, and the “ia” combination turns into an i-schwa

/RUH-shihn//ˈɹʌ.ʃə(ɪ)n/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable

 

Russians
– For this word, the “u” is short, the “ss” combination is pronounced like the un-voiced “sh” combination, the “ia” combination turns into an i-schwa, and the final “s” is pronounced almost like the letter “z”

/RUH-shihn-z//ˈɹʌ.ʃə(ɪ)n.z/ – Notice also that the stress is on the first syllable and that the “z” ending acts as a third syllable

 

Rust
– For this word, the “u” is short, and the final “t” is (often) stopped

/ruhs-[t]//rʌs.[t]/ – Notice also that the “t” ending acts as a separate syllable

 

– ( American English Pronunciation – Letter R ) –


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